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    Heifer Holstein Size Targets

    The profit-making potential of the modern cow depends on her ability to combine production and type. Functional type enables a cow to produce over a long lifetime. (Holstein Canada) Relative Emphasis for Cows Body weight alone should not be a measure for developmental traits of heifers. Wither height is also…

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    Heifer Holstein Growth Targets

    We most often concentrate on milking cows to meet financial and milk supply commitments and to let the herd replacements take a back seat. Replacement heifers are tomorrow’s profit earners and deserve as much detailed attention as the milking herd. Managing the growth of replacement heifers to achieve sufficient body…

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    Calf Starter for VG Program

    The calf starter ration, to compliment grain veal program, needs to be highly palatable and of excellent quality. When a high protein milk replacer (21%) is being fed, the calf starter should be at least 18-20% protein to maintain optimal growth. It is critical that protein needs must be met…

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    Calf Starter for Excel Program

    The calf starter ration, to compliment an intensive calf management program, needs to be highly palatable and of excellent quality. When a high protein milk replacer (26%) is being fed, the calf starter should be at least 22% protein to maintain optimal growth. It is critical that protein needs must…

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    Calf Post Weaning Environment

    Grouping After weaning, calves should be housed in equal sized / aged groups, ideally one week after milk feeding has ceased. This avoids two major changes in routine at one time. Group calves according to size. Weaning from a machine feeding system is normally reached earlier (as early as week…

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    Clean & Sterilized Feeding Utensils

    Newborns have very naïve immune systems. Severe infections can be introduced and spread by bacterial contamination on esophageal feeders, buckets, nipples and bottles. Review the cleaning and sanitation procedures on your facility to be sure that all the utensils have been properly cleaned and maintained. Clean feeding utensils are critical…

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    Infectious Disease Management

    Every animal producer needs a disease monitoring and management program. These programs should be monitored with the practicing vet and might consider: Which diseases are present, Which ones can be minimized or prevented, How infections ones are identified and treated, What safeguards are in place to minimize disease spread Minimize…

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    Veal Calf Raising Suggestions

    Water Supply Before starting calves, take a water sample to your local lab and have it checked for bacteria, nitrates, iron sodium and ph. Water left in a storage tank between calf crops can become a prim source for bacteria that cause scouring. This is a prime place for bacteria…

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